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PostSubject: What is managment   Tue Jun 10, 2008 5:13 pm

What is management
is the process of getting activities completed efficiently and
effectively with and through other people.

Management functions:
Planning
Organizing
Staffing
Directing
Coordinating
Reporting
Budgeting

ee kinds of management team
Three kinds of management team
Briefly, I think that there are three kinds of power relations within
management team.
The first can be symbolized by a triangle: the CEO is close to the deity,
and everyone else does what they are told by him or her. This style is
prevalentرایج in the US an din owner-managed companies.
When the CEO is right, it is swift, efficient and focused; but when direction
is wrong, nothing resists the plunge into the abyss.
The second can be thought of as over-lapping tiles. Each tile represents the
area of expertiseکاردانی کار
شناسی of any one board member.
There is some overlapروی هم
افتاده, but essentially each is the guardian سرپرست of their specialty. In theory,
they play together as a team, but in practice they may well act as barons,
defending their territory against all comers. This is a style that is very
common in Britain,
and the most frequent stable outcome is for "you to watch your patch and
I'll watch mine." People fight their colleagues more than they unite to
resist the competition.
The third model can be thought of as a nest of looped arrows, each
representing processes. That is, the board has applied process re-engineering
to itself, and has defined the activities in which it has to engage. These in
turn define the custodianship of each of these processes, and define the skill
needs of board members. This model is more typical of some Asian economies,
although many prefer the "CEO as god" approach.
In addition, boards have three areas of focus: on what is happening in the
line, on those things which matter only when considered as aggregates - such as
portfolio issues, for example - and on renewal. It is a rule that senior staff
should focus on the sorts of questions appropriate to their level, although
many choose to relive former glories by meddling in line issues. However, where
interaction with the business is needed, this should be done in ways which
specify deliverables, not the mechanisms of delivery.








Definitions of accounting
on the Web:


  • a convincing explanation that reveals basic
    causes; "he was unable to give a clear accounting for his
    actions"
  • a system that provides quantitativeوابسته information about finances
  • accountancy: the occupationتصرف of maintaining and auditingشنوائی records and preparing financial
    reports for a business
  • a bookkeeper'sدفتر دار chronological list of related debits
    and credits of a business; forms part of a ledger of accounts
  • account: a statement of recent transactions and
    the resulting balance; "they send me an accounting every month"
  • is the act of recording and reporting financial
    transactions, including the origination of the transaction, its recognition,
    processing, and summarization in the financial statement


Web
definitions for budget


a sum of money allocatedاختصاص for a particular purpose; "the laboratory runs on a budget
of a million a year

source: budgettravel.about.com
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